Facts & Myths Nr 1.
Myth: Diabetes is a nuisance, but not serious.
Fact: Two thirds of Diabetes patients die prematurely from stroke or heart disease. The life expectancy of a person with Diabetes is from five to ten years shorter than that of other people. Diabetes is a serious disease.
Facts & Myths Nr 2.
Myth: One person can transmit Diabetes to another person.
Fact: Not true! Just like a broken leg is not infectious or contagious. A parent may pass on, through their genes to their offspring, a higher susceptibility to developing the disease.
Facts & Myths Nr 3.
Myth: Fat people always develop Type 2 Diabetes eventually.
Fact: This is not true! Being overweight or obese raises the risk of becoming diabetic, they are risk factors, but do not mean that an obese person will definitely become diabetic.
Many people with Type 2 Diabetes were never overweight. The majority of overweight people do not develop Type 2 Diabetes.
Facts & Myths Nr 4.
Myth: High blood sugar levels are fine for some, while for others they are a sign of Diabetes.
Fact: High blood-sugar levels are never normal for anybody. Some illnesses, mental stress and steroids can cause temporary hikes in blood sugar levels in people without Diabetes. Anybody with higher-than-normal blood sugar levels or sugar in their urine should be checked for Diabetes by a health care professional.
Facts & Myths Nr 5.
Myth: Children can outgrow Diabetes.
Fact: Unfortunately this is not true. Nearly all children with Diabetes have Type 1, therefore their insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas have been destroyed. These never come back.
Children with Type 1 Diabetes will need to take insulin for the rest of their lives, unless a cure is found one day.
Facts & Myths Nr 6.
Myth: Do not eat too much sugar, you will become diabetic.
Fact: This is not always true. A person with Type 1 Diabetes developed the disease because their immune system destroyed the insulin-producing beta cells.
A diet high in calories, which can make people overweight/obese, raises the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes, especially if there is a history of this disease in the family.
Facts & Myths Nr 7.
Myth: People with Diabetes should not exercise.
Fact: Definitely not true! Exercise is important for people with Diabetes, as it is for everybody else.
Exercise helps manage body weight, improves cardiovascular health, improves mood, helps blood sugar control, and relieves stress. Patients should discuss exercise with their doctor first.
Facts & Myths Nr 8.
Myth: “I know when my blood sugar levels are high or low.”
Fact: Very high or low blood sugar levels may cause some symptoms, such as weakness, fatigue and extreme thirst.
However, levels need to be fluctuating a lot for symptoms to be felt. The only way to be sure about your blood sugar levels is to test them regularly.
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark showed that even very slight rises in blood-glucose levels significantly raise the risk of ischemic heart disease.
Facts & Myths Nr 9.
Myth: Only older people develop Type 2 Diabetes.
Fact: Things are changing. A growing number of children and teenagers are developing Type 2 Diabetes. Experts say that this is linked to the explosion in childhood obesity rates, poor diet, and physical inactivity.
Facts & Myths Nr 10.
Myth: If you have Diabetes you cannot eat chocolates or sweets
Fact: People with Diabetes can eat chocolates and sweets if they combine them with exercise or eat them as part of a healthy meal.
Facts & Myths Nr 11.
Myth: I have to go on insulin, this must mean my Diabetes is severe
Fact: People take insulin when diet alone or diet with oral or non-insulin injectable Diabetes drugs do not provide good-enough Diabetes control, that’s all. Insulin helps Diabetes control. It does not usually have anything to do with the severity of the disease.
Facts & Myths Nr 12.
Myth: Diabetics cannot eat bread, potatoes or pasta
Fact: People with Diabetes can eat starchy foods. However, they must keep an eye on the size of the portions. Whole grain starchy foods are better, as is the case for people without Diabetes.
Facts & Myths Nr 13.
Myth: Diabetes diets are different from other people’s
Fact: The diet doctors and specialized nutritionists recommend for Diabetes patients are healthy ones; healthy for everybody, including people without the disease. Meals should contain plenty of vegetables, fruit, whole grains, and they should be low in salt and sugar, and saturated or trans fat. Experts say that there is no need to buy special diabetic foods because they offer no special benefit, compared to the healthy things we can buy in most shops.
Facts & Myths Nr 14.
Myth: Diabetes patients are more susceptible to colds and illnesses in general
Fact: A person with Diabetes with good Diabetes control is no more likely to become ill with a cold or something else than other people.
However, when a Diabetic catches a cold, their Diabetes becomes harder to control, so they have a higher risk of complications.
Researched, collected and written by Zsolt Szemerszky
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